What is Diabetes & Type 2 Diabetes?
WHAT IS DIABETES?
Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than
normal. This is also called hyperglycemia.
When you eat your body breaks food down into glucose and sends it into the blood. Insulin then
helps move the glucose from the blood into your cells. When glucose enters your cells, it is either
used as fuel for energy right away or stored for later use. In a person with diabetes, there is a
problem with insulin. But, not all people with diabetes have the same problem.
The types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and a condition called gestational diabetes, which happens
when pregnant. If you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use the
insulin it does make very well.
WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABETES?
In type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first,
the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time your pancreas isn’t able to keep
up and can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose levels normal. Type 2 is treated it with
lifestyle changes, oral medications (pills), and insulin.
Some people with type 2 can control their blood glucose with healthy eating and being active. But,
your doctor may need to also prescribe oral medications or insulin to help you meet your target
blood glucose levels. Type 2 usually gets worse over time – even if you don’t need medications at
first, you may need to later on